Where did civilisation begin?

Over Christmas, I bought “The Times Concise History Of The World” which is a wonderful book to browse, full of colour maps and fascinating facts.

One can see very clearly how civilisation emerged in the so-called “lucky latitudes”. The first civilisations arose in the alluvial basins of four major rivers which drain from the mountain fringes where agriculture began:

  1. The Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia starting around 3500 BC
  2. The Nile in Egypt starting around 3200 BC
  3. The Indus in India starting around 2500 BC
  4. The Yellow River in China starting around 1800 BC

Many people seem to think that the rise of civilisations is a matter of the superiority of certain races. Actually it is all to do with geography and climate.


XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>